(from Alik Gomelsky's book “Jewish-Ukrainian relations. XX century”)
I would like to review another attempt to play the "Jewish card" in the fight against the Ukrainian liberation movement.
The recently declassified SBU KGB documents are impressive. By the scope, and by the ingenuity, and by the depth of approach...
Prehistory: Yaroslav Stetsko
, deputy head of the OUN(B) Stepan Bandera
, Prime Minister of the Ukrainian State, which has been proclaimed on June 30, 1941, was arrested by the Gestapo on July 4, 1941 and remained in custody until the end of 1944. From 1946, for 40 years, he was the head of the Anti-Bolshevik Bloc of Nations (ABN)
and at that time was one of the most prominent figures of the Ukrainian liberation movement. This naturally made him one of the primary targets of the operations of the Soviet punitive organs.
According to Bohdan Stashinsky
(the killer of Lev Rebet
and Stepan Bandera
), by order of his curators, he thoroughly studied Stetsko’s habits, routine and address in Munich, but never received the approval from the KGB for the murder of the leader of the ABN. Unlike Rebet and Bandera, in the late 1950s, Yaroslav Stetsko was a pretty popular political figure not only among the Ukrainian diaspora and the national liberation struggle of the Ukrainian people, but also as the leader of the international anti-communist movement.
These declassified documents consist of:
• memorandum by the chairman of the KGB of Ukraine Fedorchuk
addressed to Shcherbytsky
(First Secretary of the Communist Party of Ukraine, which is in soviet hierarchy means the top official of Ukrainian SSR) dated December 1973
• an information message from the Central Committee of the Communist Party in October 1969 that a propaganda operation was carried out against Yaroslav Stetsko
• leaflets in Hebrew and Yiddish with an encouragement message to Jews to kill Yaroslav Stetsko
• the translation of those leaflets into Russian
In my opinion, the actions and methods of the KGB described in these documents are something like a box with radioactive polonium, which irradiates both the Jewish and Ukrainian Nations with its deadly emanations of mutual discord and hatred.
Well, let's look at each of them in detail starting with a note of Fedorchuk. I’m quoting: "...in order to incite hostility between Ukrainian nationalists and Zionists in the United States, a brochure "Lest we forget" was published, in which the involvement of the OUN members in the mass destruction of civilians, during the Second World War, including to the so-called "Jewish actions" ...as the "author" and the publisher of the brochure was one of the leaders of the progressive Ukrainian organization "League of American Ukrainians" who visited Ukraine in recent years and had the opportunity to pretend to have in his disposal materials used in the brochure..."
The classification as a “Top Secret” document allows Feodorchuk to describe absolutely frankly and cynically:
the goal - to incite ethnic hatred;
the method - disinformational brochure;
the tool - an agent of the Soviet special services from the Ukrainian diaspora.
The next quote: "... In order to popularize the pamphlet, the "author"... involved in carrying out this project as a "co-publisher" the one of the Jewish progressive figures in New York. A joint action by progressive Ukrainian and Jewish organizations in the USA against the OUN members, as war criminals gave a certain political effect...
So, for the KGB special task, the geek of the Ukrainian people attracted and engaged a geek of the Jewish people. Due to the fact that we know the name of the libel ("Lest We Forget"
), the date of publication (first - 1973) and the place (USA), we are able to find it quite easily. This brochure up till now, (2021), is in sale on Amazon and many other online book resources. Author - Michael Hanusiak
, a native of New Haven, Connecticut, a member of the United States Communist Party. Due to the amount of work done, the 93-year-old writer received on October 11, 2006 an obviously very warm space in hell. His company there will be shared by comrade Sam Pevzner
, an employee of the Yiddish newspaper "Morgen Freiheit"
, also associated with the US Communist Party.
Let's read the document further: "...The Jewish "Organization for the Fight against Fascism, Racism and Anti-Semitism" intends to hand over to the FBI the list of persons convicted in the pamphlet in genocide, demanding their search and punishment..."
G-d knows what kind of organization comrade Fedorchuk meant by that name, but it definitely got perfect cards from the dealer - KGB USSR in order to unleash and fuel the enmity between Jews and Ukrainians...
Now let's move to the case of Yaroslav Stetsko.
Another top secret document of the KGB of Ukraine tells us that:"... Since 1966, the KGB of Ukraine held a series of actions as a result of which the leader of the OUN Stetsko was exposed to the general public of the Jewish community as one of the main culprits for the participation of the OUN members in the genocide carried out by the Nazis. In continuation of these actions, on behalf of Jews living in Germany and indignant at Stetsko’s impunity, we have prepared in Jewish / Hebrew, Yiddish/ and English a leaflets urging to avenge Stetsko for thousands of innocent victims of genocide. These leaflets are sent to the editorial offices of the Jewish press in the United States, England, France, Israel and Germany... "
Hesitating in the 1950's to destroy Yaroslav Stetsko on their own, the Communists decided to slander the head of the OUN and set Jews on him.
Now the details: the leaflet in English could be read without any problems in any of these countries. In Yiddish in the late 1960's has been published a lot of periodicals in Europe and America. But the key here, I think, is the text in Hebrew and that's why.
Only one organization in the world was able to carry out operations by physical liquidation of those who threatened the Jewish population of the planet and it was the Israeli Mosad. By 1970, the assets of "HaMosad le Modiin u le Tafkidim Meuhadim"
, that is, the "Institute for Intelligence and Special Operations" (briefly "the Institute"), had the following high-profile operations:
- abduction and transport from Argentina to Israel the Nazi criminal Adolf Eichmann
- the elimination of a number of German specialists working for the Egyptian missile program
- hijacking from the French port of Cherbourg five missile speed boats made for Israel, but fell under an embargo.
The killing or kidnapping the leader of the ABN, Yaroslav Stetsko, who lived openly in Munich and traveled around the world a lot, was quite simple operation, but the Israelis, having studied the issue, ignored such a setup. The Ukrainian leader, who spent three years in a Polish prison and three and a half years in Nazi prisons and a concentration camp, was a danger to the USSR, but not to Jews and Israel!
The document signed in October 1969 by the Deputy Chairman of the KGB of the Ukrainian SSR is very capacious and important. In addition to the operation against Yaroslav Stetsko, it also states that: “...on behalf of the Ukrainian nationalists, a leaflet has been prepared calling to fight for the provision of independence of the Canadian province of Manitoba. One copy of this leaflet with a covering letter in the handwriting of one of the Ukrainian nationalists living abroad has been sent to the office of Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau. This event aims to provoke a negative reaction from the Canadian government to manifestations of "Ukrainian separatism" and sow distrust in the main Emigrant centers existing in the country...".
That is, the KGB also tried to misinform the Canadian government by exposing citizens of Ukrainian origin as separatists planning the collapse of the state. Note that this is not just the spread of rumors, but a letter with a fake in-line with a specific person. The fact that the USSR was engaged in similar things provocateur actions has been announced by the NKVD General Alexander Orlov (Lev Feldbin)
who fled to the West at the hearings in the US Senate Committee in 1957.
Further, the letter states: “...on behalf of a member of the OUN-Bandera, living in the BRD, a letter was made in German with reproaches to the Germans of the BRD and threats “to defend the Christian-humane traditions of German society and settle scores with the Germans for previous grievances." The document is sent to the addresses of newspapers, magazines, as well as individual bourgeois political and public figures..."
This was done in order to compromise the Ukrainian emigrants from the OUN(B) who lived in Germany, some of whom worked in the structures of Radio Liberty and Radio Free Europe.
But that is not all. I’m quoting: “...To deepen the split and intensify the contradictions between the OUN and their opponents from the camp of Ukrainian bourgeois nationalists... To Bishop Platon Korneliak, who volunteered to hold a religious service in memory of Bandera, on behalf of the Melnikov nationalist, was sent an anonymous letter with a proposal to abandon this intention because the culprit of the split in the OUN Bandera is the initiator of “fratricidal actions that followed this split and weakened the Ukrainian revolutionary movement”...”
This quote indicates that the KGB closely followed the conflict between the two OUN factions, skillfully pitted them and manipulated contradictions.
And the last document is the text of the leaflet itself in Hebrew and Yiddish. Here are some quotes:
1) "...Yaroslav Stetsko responsible for the actions of the Ukrainian police and gangs, the so-called UPA..."
This is in vain. The Ukrainian police were recruited and set by the Nazis, not OUN(B). The UPA was essentially created only in 1942-1943, when Yaroslav Stetsko was already in a Nazi prison for one and a half years.
2) "...We absolutely do not paying attention how the nazi members Oberlander and Stetsko formed together with their own kind the" European Freedom Council"..."
This refers to the World Anti-Communist League.
3) "...The world community, outraged by the increase in telephone tariffs, calmly looks at how the British Prime Minister Wilson receives in his residence a gang of Stetsko, Oberlander and their friends..."
There’s a puncture, the head of the British Labor Party considers acceptable formally communicate with Yaroslav Stetsko definitely not considering him a war criminal...
4) "...How long will we meekly endure this geek? Is there really no person among the Jewish people who defend their fatherland with such brilliance... who can put bullets into this smug face? .."
And this is already a clear excess, issuing with giblets the instigators of the KGB, calling for the political assassination of the head of the ABN by the hands of the Israeli secret services.
A few words about the infamous "Biography of Yaroslav Stetsko"
, which is mentioned by the US Communists Hanusiak and Pevzner, and declared as a fully authentic document by historians John Paul Himka
and Karel Berkhoff
, researcher Marko Tsarynnyk
. I've already had to refute Berkhoff and Tsarynnyk statements in the case of the “transcripts of the OUN(B) conference” which turned out to be the soviet made up fake.
First I will quote an article by Oles Gorodetsky regarding the "Biography" of Yaroslav Stetsko: “Professor Taras Hunczak in his article for the Harvard Journal pointed out gross signs of falsification: inconsistency of the chronology indicated in Stetsko’s "Biography" with the real facts, non-existent positions and organizations, use of the Soviet spelling of the Ukrainian language, the existence of the "Biography" in the Soviet but not in the German archives... Yaroslav Stetsko by himself also considered it as a gross falsification of Soviet propaganda. The fact that the corrections in the typewritten text were not made by his handwriting was later repeatedly asserted by his wife and other people who knew him well...the expert opinion of the specialists of the Central State Archive of the highest authorities and authorities in Kiev. In a document dated November 2002, entitled “Characterization and analysis of the documents of case 7, op. 3, f. 3833. The OUN regional wire in the Western Ukrainian lands for 1941-1946, Stored in the Central Central Administrative District of Ukraine "- and in fact in this case the so-called "Biography" is stored there - in particular, the following is said:
“... Another feature of the documents that attracts the attention is the paper on which these documents are printed: German on thick paper; Polish documents are mostly on cigarette paper, but their physical condition is satisfactory, but it is difficult to read such a text, since most documents are printed on both sides and at one interval. Ukrainian documents are printed on newsprint paper, which means that these documents were created in the respective regions with the corresponding feature of the clerical service that created these documents: Germany, Ukraine, Poland ... Unfortunately, when we read the documents, we see that in some cases there is no beginning or end of the document. As for the authenticity of the documents, 90% of the documents are not certified copies, that is, they do not have signatures, some of them are certified copies - there is a signature, or there is a seal... If we assume that the signatures of Yaroslav Stetsko really belong to his hand, then such documents are originals, but we adhere to the fact that these are not Stetsko’s original signatures...”
The above-mentioned by me declassified by SBU, KGB documents are dated and cover the period between October 1969 and December 1973, but that is not all. The recently declassified CIA archives shed additional light on the extent of the KGB operation against Yaroslav Stetsko and Ukrainian immigrants in the United States.
So, on the eve of Leonid Brezhnev
’s visit to the United States (June 18, 1973), a representative of the USSR Embassy in Washington turned to American intelligence agencies stating that Ukrainian nationalists, under Yaroslav Stetsko management is planning to kill Brezhnev during this visit. The execution of the murder was entrusted to the “young Ukrainians who took part in military operations of the US Army in Vietnam and are known for their fanaticism”
... The US Army Major Krawciw
, the son of the Ukrainian nationalist Bohdan Krawciw
, takes the most active part in these plans and preparations for the terrorist attack.”
As can be seen from the mailing list, the then US Secretary of State Henry Kissinger
was fully dedicated to the ongoing investigation. From this it follows that the hunting and provocations against Yaroslav Stetsko from the KGB not only did not stops or slows during the period 1969-1973 but were even expanded so much that they had a secondary goal in the person of one of the key figures of the US Army. Yes, yes, Nicholas (Mikola) Stephen H. Krawciw
, who fought in Vietnam, was one of the developers of US Army tactics in Vietnam, as well as operations in Panama (1989-1990) and Iraq (including Desert Storm 1991 and the liberation of Iraq in 2003). Having retired with the rank of Major General of the US Army, Kravtsiv for several years provided assistance in creating the army of independent Ukraine.
For a complete understanding of the situation with the Soviet diplomat’s appeal to the FBI on June 11, 1973, it is necessary to consider additional materials from the recently published archives of the OUN(B). Specifically, the correspondence between the leaders of the Anti-Bolshevik Bloc of Nations (ABN), Mr. Yaroslav and Mrs. Slava Stetsko
, and a Zionist, a prisoner of the GULAG, a veteran of the World War II, an Israeli politician, publicist Avraam Shifrin
. The very fact of such correspondence and the envelopes of the Israeli Post with the addresses of Stetsko’s spouses in Munich is stunning evidence of the interaction and friendly relations between Jewish and Ukrainian nationalists. But the content of one of Avraam Shifrin’s letters to Yaroslav Stetsko elementarily destroys myths about anti-Semitism of Mr.Stesko and at the same time explains why the USSR made such colossal efforts for both the moral and physical destruction of the head of the ABN. Judge by yourself:“... I want to talk about one plan that will probably interest you. Now there is a campaign of actions against Soviet diplomats in the world, for example, in the USA, our girl doused the blood on a Soviet press-attached publicly at a press conference. What about if you'll find any fans of direct actions on your side? For example, a public slap in the face to a diplomat from a woman or take off his pants on the public (there are tough guys who can do it quickly!) and then flog him in public. This will have a great effect. The court will only give a fine in and in the court to speak openly and explain to the public that this was done for those enslaved in the USSR who themselves can't do it. Write immediately what is your opinion...Warm greetings to your wife. Sincerely, Avraam."
The letter is dated April 10, 1972, so it’s easy enough to find out that the case described by Avraam occurred on March 15, 1972, when a 17-year-old American schoolgirl from the "Jewish Defense League"
, with the words “Killer, free Jewish prisoners!”, poured blood on the head of Soviet diplomat Alexander Evstafiev
. According to the speaker of the "League" it was not a fake, but one liter of real blood donated by the girl herself and 2 more schoolchildren. This letter of Avraam Shifrin seems to me very important in the sense that, due to the leakage of his contents to the USSR, the attack on Yaroslav Stetsko by Soviet officials, in the summer of 1973, through the FBI and the US State Department was the preventive steps against political union between Ukrainian nationalists and Jewish Zionists uniting in fight against USSR.
For reference: the "Jewish Defense League" was created in the USA in 1968 by a group of Jewish youth led by Rabbi Meir Kahane to protect the Jewish population of "mixed areas" of Brooklyn from hooliganism and provocation by anti-Semitic-minded elements from African-American and Latin-American quarters, but quickly grew into a political organization that set itself the goals of protecting the interests of the Jewish people throughout the world. In 1969, the organization began an active campaign for the right of Jews of the USSR to repatriate to Israel.The summary:
although the KGB special operation did not lead to the expected result of the USSR - the physical elimination of Yaroslav Stetsko, the propaganda effect from it turned out to be incredibly strong and successful for the long-term. Based on numerous discussions and disputes with my opponents, I can say that even 50 years after this operation, Yaroslav Stetsko is considered as pathological anti-Semite and executioner of the Jewish people. Think about it - the only evidence of "antisemitism" of Yaroslav Stetsko is a phrase (or phrases!) from his "Biography", which in fact turn out to be a fake of the KGB USSR. Thus, one of the main leaders of the Ukrainian national liberation movement, Stetsko, as well as the head of the UNR, Simon Petlijura
, are slandered by Soviet propaganda in order to incite ethnic hatred between my two native nations: Jewish and Ukrainian.
Declassified documents of KGB USSR.
Leaflets created by KGB. In Hebrew on the right, in Yiddish - on the left.
Translation the text of the leaflets into Russian.
Caricature to Yaroslav Stetsko from Soviet press.
Declassified documents of KGB USSR.
ABN. Yaroslav Stetsko (stands) his wife Slava (sits on the left).
Yaroslav and Slava Stetsko.
Yaroslav Stetsko and vice-president USA George Bush.
From CIA archive. About plans to assassinate Brezhnev.
Nicholas (Mikola) Stephen H. Krawciw.
From archive OUN. Letter of Avraam Shifrin to Yaroslav Stetsko. April 1972.